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The prostate is a small gland, about the size of a walnut, and is situated just below the male bladder. It produces fluid which binds with semen aiding in the motility of sperm. Although many problems related to the prostate gland produce symptoms of a urinary nature, it is nonetheless considered to be an organ of reproduction. There is a high incidence of enlarged prostate in men over the age of 50. The majority of prostate problems are due to a condition called benign prostatic hypertrophy, or BPH, caused by an elevation of the powerful androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestrogen in prostate tissue.