In the UK general election of 1918 Irish men, and for the first time, Irish women, struck a major blow for Ireland's right to self-determination, by electing 73 Sinn Féin MPs - almost 70 per cent of the vote.
The MPs refused to take their seats in Westminster to demonstrate that Britain had no right to rule Ireland. By the following year the first Dáil had been established and the War of Independence was under way.
The election was also significant in that it saw the election of the first female MP - the radical Irish republican Countess Markievicz; the obliteration of the Irish Parliamentary Party, which lost 67 seats, winning only six; while the Irish Unionists won 22 seats, a gain of five, despite a 3.3 per cent drop in its vote.
At that time Galway was divided into four single seat constituencies, and on polling day, December 14 1918, the county returned four Sinn Féin MPs - Pádraic Ó Máille (pictured above, seated third from right ) for the Connemara constituency which also included Galway city; Bryan Cusack (North Galway ); Galway's 1916 Rising leader Liam Mellows (East Galway ); and Frank Fahy (South Galway )
To mark this turning point in Irish history, the Galway City Museum will host a special lecture on Saturday December 15 at 2.30pm, entitled Revolution and the Ballot Box – the 1918 Election in Co Galway, by Dr Conor McNamara. Dr McNamara, author of War & Revolution in the West of Ireland: Galway, 1913–1922, will discuss the background to the general election – the first held since the Easter Rising – with particular reference to County Galway.
Places are limited so advance booking is essential via the museum on 091 - 532460. See also www.galwaycitymuseum.ie